1 Apr 2018

Unmet aspirations as an explanation for the age U-shape in wellbeing


A large literature in behavioural and social sciences has found that human wellbeing follows a U-shape over age. Some theories have assumed that the U-shape is caused by unmet expectations that are felt painfully in midlife but beneficially abandoned and experienced with less regret during old age. In a unique panel of 132,609 life satisfaction expectations matched to subsequent realizations, Hannes Schwandt finds people to err systematically in predicting their life satisfaction over the life cycle. They expect – incorrectly –  increases in young adulthood and decreases during old age. These errors are large, ranging from 9.8% at age 21 to -4.5% at age 68, they are stable over time and observed across socio-economic groups. These findings support theories that unmet expectations drive the age U-shape in wellbeing.

Read more on the expert analysis  by Hannes Schwandt of London School of Economics and Political Science